Criminalisation, HIV transmission, exposure and non-disclosure



This unit standard provides information about the criminalisation of HIV transmission, exposure and non-disclosure, the negative impact it has on the human rights of PLHIV and key populations and universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. The focus is on providing knowledge and skills so that learners can identify harmful HIV transmission, exposure and non-disclosure laws and advocate for laws that do not criminalise HIV transmission. 


Course outcomes:

After taking the course, student will be able to:

  • Understand what criminalisation of HIV transmission, exposure and non-disclosure is and the difference between transmission, exposure and non-disclosure
  • Identify the links between human rights, universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, and the negative impact of criminalisation of HIV transmission, exposure and nondisclosure
  • Understand the disproportionate impact of criminalisation on women and key populations
  • Understand international and regional guidance on criminalisation of HIV transmission, exposure and non-disclosure and be aware of model laws and other instruments that can be used as advocacy tools to advocate against criminalisation
  • Advocate for laws that do not criminalise HIV transmission, exposure and non-disclosure and respect the rights of people living with HIV and promote universal access or for the repeal or amendment of laws that do criminalise